Skin Type and Analysis

Skin type is an important factor in developing a proper skincare regimen, both at home and at the spa. In order to properly devise treatments necessary to care for those of all ages, genders, and races, skincare professionals must take the time to fully understand client needs and expectations.

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Your skin is unique. Nobody has the exact same skin as you. But you still fall into one of four major categories. And this skin type quiz will help you figure out how to characterize your unique skin so you can choose the proper skincare.

Before you take the skin type quiz, you probably want to know a little bit about your potential category. You could be:

  • Oily: This one is pretty self-explanatory. If you have excess oil all over your skin, chances are you will come out of the skin type quiz with an oily designation.

  • Combination: Surprise, surprise. This is a combination of dry and oily skin. So, if your T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) are oily and your cheeks are dry, your quiz result may say combination.

  • Dry: If your skin is flaky, rough and drinks up the moisturizer, you might take the skin type quiz and find you have dry skin.

  • Sensitive: Easily irritated skin—especially when you interact with new products or environments—is an indicator of sensitive skin.

You might feel like something’s missing—normal skin.

It’s true that a normal skin type is the most common. It could be described as having a balance of moisture, small pores, and few visible concerns. Basically, it’s what you imagine healthy skin looking like. It’s the kind of skin you’re either trying to achieve or trying to maintain with your skincare routine.

Normal skin isn’t included in the list or in the skin type quiz for a reason. Normal, healthy skin will still show some minor visible issues—the appearance of these expressions could increase with age. So, the quiz will help you tailor your skincare routine to your concerns or those you may face in the future.

Now you’ve read about the categories and you might have a guess about what your skin is. It’s time to answer the seven questions of the skin type quiz and find out for sure.

Which most closely describes the look of your pores?

Large and visible all over.

Medium-sized all over.

Small, not easily noticed all over.

Larger or medium and only visible in the T-zone.


2020 Ask the Scientists

Fitzpatrick skin type

Skin type  Typical features  Tanning ability

 I  Pale white skin, blue/green eyes, blond/red hairAlways burns, does not tan

II  Fair skin, blue eyesBurns easily, tans poorly

III Darker white skinTans after initial burn

IV Light brown skinBurns minimally, tans easily

V  Brown skinRarely burns, tans darkly easily

VI Dark brown or black skinNever burns, always tans darkly

  • Skin type: This is the oily, dry, combination, and normal system that was first developed by Helena Rubenstein in the early 20th century and is still in use. Your skin type is based primarily on how much oil is produced by the skin. While it is genetically determined, it can also change over time. Skin becomes drier as we age, for instance. To some extent, your skin type will determine what kind of products, techniques, and treatments the esthetician uses. Many people also consider "sensitive" a skin type. Sensitive skin tends to be red and easily aggravated by heat, sun, spicy foods, and chemicals and fragrances in commercial skin care products.

  • Skin conditions: Skin conditions include acne, blackheads, whiteheads, wrinkles, sun damage, dehydration, wrinkles, poor elasticity, and rosacea. The esthetician should discuss what she sees, and explain what she can do for you in the facial treatments. An esthetician will be looking for blackheads and milia (whiteheads) because she can take them out, or extract them. This is one of the main reason someone gets a facial and one of the main things the esthetician has been trained to do, safely. She will also be looking for any conditions that might affect how she proceeds. If the skin has a reddened appearance or lots of broken capillaries, steam will be used judiciously and extractions will have to take place with very little pressure.

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       Updated 06/06/19   Inspirations>Spas